On the other hand, there are multiple instances in which the upholding of a “uniform” culture secluded, rather than integrated, migrant minorities. The push for a secular society can backfire and encourage religious communities to isolate themselves from French society, ultimately defeating the purpose of laïcité. For instance, the existence of bidonvilles proves that the exclusion or singling-out of an immigrant society from Metropolitan France hinders the integration of migrants groups.
Furthermore, politicians argue that the veil can promote intolerance as it singles out Muslim women from non-Muslim women and make them easily identifiable targets for discriminatory acts (Lang 2021). Similarly, in 2018, the UNHR wrote report on two Muslim women who were not allowed to leave their homes after the veil ban because their religious practices believed that women must wear a hijab in presence of other men (UN News). All in all, the promotion of a secular and identical society does not always lead to integration, at least not in the case of migrant communities in France.